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Leerburg Guidelines of the International Working Dog Organization (FCI)

Guidelines of the International Working Dog Organization (FCI)

Guidelines of the International Working Dog Organization (FCI)

International Trial Rules, level I (IPO 1):
Part A: TRACKING

Maximum score: 100 points

Verbal command: "search/such" [ENGLISH WORD/GERMAN WORD]
-staying on the track = 80 pts
-two articles found = 20 pts

The track should be between 350 - 400 paces in length, laid by the handler, with two right angle corners and at least 20 minutes old. The dog is placed out of sight when the handler lays the trial. The judge will advise the handier about the pattern of the trial. The handier will mark the start with a stake or marker. The handier will remain on the right side of the stake for approximately one minute without trampling or marking the starting point. Two articles of approximately 15 centimeters (cm) in length, approximately 5-6 cm in width and approximately 2-3 cm in thickness are to be handed to the handler approximately 15 minutes prior to the laying of the track. Both articles are to be placed on the track by the handler, the first article in the middle of the second leg and the second article at the end of the track.

Before the start, the handler will report to the judge with the dog on leash or equipped for tracking. The dog should sit at heel during the reporting process. The handier will advise the judge whether the dog will pick up or point out the articles. If a dog is trained to pick up the articles, it is permissible to stand, sit or return to the handler, It is not necessary for the pick up exercise to be performed the same both times. Both picking up and pointing out together is faulty. If a dog points out the articles, the exercise can be performed by laying down, sifting or standing and again, it is not necessary to perform both indications in the same manner. It is faulty if the dog points out one article and picks up the other or drops the article during the pick up indication.

It is up to the discretion of the handler how the dog is to be started and whether to track on a leash or to track free without a leash. The tracking leash must be 10 meters in length and must be completely let out during the tracking phase. Should a handler choose to track without a tracking leash, the dog must be followed at a distance of 10-12 meters, The track should be worked out by the dog in a quiet manner so that the handler can follow at a convenient pace. When the articles are found they are to be taken by the handier and shown to the judge by raising an arm, The articles are to be returned to the judge after the completion of the track.

Dispensing food for praising purposes is not permitted while on the track. After the completion of the track, the handler reports to the judge with the dog sitting at heel to present the articles. The judge may stop the evaluation if, after 15 minutes on the track, the end has not been successfully reached.

Part B: OBEDIENCE

Maximum score: 100 points

Each individual exercise begins and ends with the basic position.

The judge gives the signal to begin each exercise. All further movements, such as turns, halt, change of pace etc. will be carried out without signals from the judge; however, the handler is permitted to request the judge to give commands (signals) for all of these movements.

The transition from fast pace to slow pace must be shown without putting any normal-pace steps in between. The "left-about-tums" may be made in either of two ways.

The "halt" must be performed as shown on the IPO Diagram for Obedience Exercises (found at the end of these rules.)

When the dog is commanded to go to "heel" from the "front" position, the dog may do so either by going around the handier or by going directly to heel ("flip" or "military" finish.)

1. Heeling on leash and impartiality (15 pts)

Verbal command: "heel/FuR"

The handler stands with his dog sifting beside him, on leash, in the basic position. When the handler gives the verbal command "heel/Fug", the dog must go with him willingly. At the start of the exercise, the handier and dog must go straight out 40-50 paces without stopping, make an about-turn, and after 10-15 paces must show the fast pace and the slow pace (at least 10 paces each.) Then, in normal pace, the handler and dog must perform at least one right turn, one left turn, and one about-turn. The dog must remain always on the left side of the handler, with his shoulder-blade level with the handler's knee; the dog may not forge, lag or travel out wide from the handler.

The "about-turn" is to be shown as a left-about-turn. The handler may give the verbal command "heel/Fug" only when starting forward and when changing pace. When the handler stops, the dog must sit quickly without influence from the handler. During this procedure, the handler may not change his basic position and especially may not move to accommodate a crooked-sifting dog. The lead must be held in the handler's left hand throughout the exercise, and it must hang slack. Upon the judge's signal, the handler takes his dog through a group of at least four people. The handler must stop once in the group. The group members are to move about one another. Lagging, forging, heeling wide, and hesitation of the handler at the turns are faulty.

2. Free heeling (20 pts)

Verbal command: "heel/Fug"

At the judge's instruction, the dog is unleashed while in the basic position. The handier hangs the lead around his shoulder or puts it in his pocket, and then proceeds immediately into the group with his free-heeling dog, stopping at least once in the group. After leaving the group, the handler briefly assumes the basic position, and then begins the free-heeling routine, following the same pattern as in the "heeling-on-leash" exercise.

While the handier is performing the "free-heeling" exercise (but not while he is going through the Group), two shots (caliber 6-9 mm) are to be fired, The dog must remain indifferent to the gunshots.

Any dog showing gun-shyness will be immediately excused from the trial. It is definitely faulty if the dog shows a desire to attack at the sound of the shots, even though he remains under the handler's control. Only the dog that is indifferent to the gunshots will receive full points. Procedure:

Special merit is placed upon indifference to gunshots. The shots are fired at a distance of about 15 paces (45), two shots, with an interval of five seconds between them. If the dog runs away when the shots are fired, he is excused from the trial. If the judge believes that he detects gun-sensitivity in a dog, it is his prerogative to test the dog further by having more shots fired. The test for indifference to gunshots may only be conducted during the "free-heeling" and the "down under distraction" exercises.

3. Sit exercise (10 pts)

Verbal command: "sit/sitz"

From the basic position, the handler goes straight forward with his free-heeling dog. After at least ten paces, the handler gives the verbal command "sit/sitz", and the dog must sit quickly without the handler altering his pace or looking backwards. The handier goes on another 30 paces, then stops and turns to face his dog. At the judge's signal, the handler returns to the dog and takes up the basic position on the dog's right side, Up to 5 points will be deducted if the dog lies down or remains standing instead of sitting at the command.

4. Down with recall (10 pts)

Verbal commands: "down/platz"; "come/hier"; "heel/Fug"

From the basic position, the handier gives the verbal command "heel/FuW and proceeds straight forward with his dog. After at least ten paces, the verbal command "down/platz" is given and the dog must quickly fie down. Without any other influence on the dog and without turning around, the handler goes on a further 30 paces, turns immediately to face his dog, and remains standing still.

At the judge's signal, the handler recalls his dog. The dog must come in rapidly and happily and must sit close in front of the handier. On the verbal command "heel/Fug", the dog must quickly go to sit beside the handier. If the dog remains standing, or sits, but comes in perfectly, up to 5 points may be deducted.

5. Retrieving a handler's article on flat ground (10 pts)

Verbal command: "fetch/bring"

The dog sits free next to the handier. The handier throws an article about ten paces (30) away. Upon the single verbal command "fetch/bring", the dog must run rapidly to the thrown article, immediately pick it up, and return to the handier at a fast pace. The dog must sit close in front of the handler and must hold the article in his grasp until the handler, after a brief pause, takes the article from the dog with the verbal command "out/aus."

On the verbal command "heel/FuR", the dog must rapidly go and sit on the left side of the handler. A wooden dumbbell may be used instead of a handier's article. The handier must remain in the basic position until the dog has relinquished the article and is sifting on the handler's left side in the "finish" position.

Scoring:

If the dog drops the article, plays with it or mouths it, up to 4 points may be deduct-' ed. Changing of basic position by the handler can cause a deduction of up to 3 points. If the dog does not retrieve the article, the exercise will be scored 0 points.

6. Retrieving a handler's article by a clean jump over a brush-hurdle I meter (39") high, 1.5 meters ( 5') wide (15 pts)

Verbal commands: "jump/hopp"; "fetch/bring"

The handler positions himself at an appropriate distance from the hurdle with his dog sitting free beside him. Instead of a handler's article, the handier may throw a wooden dumbbell over the hurdle. On the verbal commands "jump/hopp", "fetch/bring" the dog must perform a clean jump over the hurdle without disturbing it, immediately pick up the article, return over the hurdle, sit close in front of the handier, and hold the article in his grip until the handier, after a brief pause, takes the article from him with the verbal command "out/aus". At the verbal command "heel/FuW, the dog must go rapidly to sit beside the handier. The verbal command "fetch/bring" must be given before the dog has reached the article. Scoring:

Point-deductions are as follows: For light touching, up to 2 points; for heavy touching and light stepping on the jump, up to 3 points; for heavy stepping on the jump, dropping the article, playing with it or mouthing it, up to 4 points. If the article thrown by the handler lands over to one side, through poor throwing or strong side-wind, the handler may ask the judge for permission to go pick up the article and re-throw it. No point-deduction will result from this.

If there is handler-help on the jumps, even without the handler changing his basic position, points will be deducted. More points will be lost if the handler leaves his basic position to help the dog on the jumps. Banging on the hurdle, in combination with leaving the basic position, is considered such an enormous help that no points can be given for either the outward or the return jump. The handler must remain in the basic position until the dog has relinquished the article and returned quickly to sit beside the handier on the verbal command "heel/FuR". If several different hurdles are available, all the dogs must jump the same one.

7. Send-away with down (10 pts)

Verbal commands: "go out/voraus"; "down/platz"; "sit/sitz"

On the judge's signal, the handier with his free-heeling dog proceeds several steps straight ahead in the direction he has been instructed to go. Simultaneously the handler lifts his arm and gives the verbal command "go out/voraus" and stops still. The dog must go out at a fast pace at least 25 paces (75') in the indicated direction, and must lie down immediately upon the verbal command "down/platz." The handler may keep his arm raised high, to show the direction, until the dog has downed. On the judge's signal, the handler picks up his dog by returning to the right side of the dog and giving the verbal command "sit/sitz". Procedure:

Repeated raising and lowering of the arm is not allowed, The dog is to go out in a straight direction, but minor deviations are not faulty. Strong deviation, too short a go-out, too early or hesitant lying down, and standing up of the dog on the handler's return will result in point loss.

8. Down under distraction (1O pts)

Verbal commands: "down/platz"; "sit/sitz"

Before the start of the obedience exercises of another dog, the handler downs his dog at a distance of about 40 paces, without leaving the leash or any type of article with the dog. Remaining within the dog's sight, the handler goes to a spot about 40 paces from the dog, without turning around, and there remains quietly standing with his back to the dog. The dog must remain lying there, without any influence from the handier, until the other dog working on the field has completed exercises 1-6. After exercise 6, the "downed" dog will be picked up by the same procedure as in exercise 7 above.

Procedure:

The handler must stand quietly with his back to his dog in that spot on the trial ground where he was instructed to stand, until the judge instructs him to pick up his dog. Restless behavior of the handler, and other hidden help, as well as tooearly getting up of the dog when the handler returns, are faulty.

If the dog stands or sits, but remains on the spot where he was put down, a partial score will be given. If, prior to the completion of exercise 3 by the dog on the field, the "downed" dog moves a distance of more than 3 meters (10') from where he was put down, the exercise will receive 0 points. If the "downed" dog leaves his position after the other dog completes exercise 3, he will receive partial points. If the dog comes to meet the handler as the handler goes to pick him up, up to 3 points are deducted.

Part C: PROTECTION WORK

Maximum Score: 100 points

1. Searching for the Helper (5 pts)

Six blinds are to be set up in a staggered fashion, three on each side, along the length of an area measuring about 100 meters (300 ft.) long and about 80 meters (240 ft.) wide. A Helper with a full protection suit, protection sleeve and soft stick is placed in the last (sixth) blind, out of sight of the dog.

The handler (HF) positions himself, with his dog off leash sifting beside him, on an imaginary midline at the level of the fifth blind. By raising one arm high into the air, the HF signals the judge that he is ready to begin the work. Upon a signal from the judge, the HF begins the Protection Work. Upon the handler giving short voice commands and hand signals with the right or left arm, which may be repeated, the dog must quickly leave the handier and run to and around the last two blinds in order. The HF must move along the imaginary midline, and may not leave this position during the search for the Helper.

Once the dog has completed a search to one side, the HF may call the dog to him with a short voice command and, while still moving (on the center line), he may send the dog in another direction with a new short voice command. The voice command used to recall the dog to the handier may be combined with the callname of the dog. The dog must always run in front of the handler (while crossing the field to search). When the dog reaches the last blind, the handler must stop and stand still, and no further commands are allowed.

2. Hold and bark (10 + 10 = 20 pts)

The dog must confront the Helper attentively and bark continuously. The dog may not jump on or grip the Helper. Upon a signal from the judge, the HF goes to his dog. Upon another signal from the judge, the HF will position himself, with his dog in the basic position, at a distance of one step (one pace) away from the Helper.

Now the HF orders the Helper to move out of the blind a distance of five steps (paces).

3. Attempted escape of the Helper (25 pts)

Upon a signal from the judge, the HF with his free-heeling dog steps away from the blind and positions himself at a distance of five paces from the Helper. The handler leaves his dog in a sifting position guarding the Helper, and goes back again into the blind (to search the blind for weapons etc.). Upon a signal from the judge, the Helper tries to escape. Upon a voice command from the HF, the dog must immediately and without hesitation prevent the escape by means of an energetic and strong grip. Upon a signal from the judge, the Helper stops and stands still. The dog must release upon a single command and must guard the Helper closely and attentively.

4. Defense of the dog during the guarding phase (25 pts)

After a guarding phase of about five seconds, and upon a signal from the judge, the Helper makes an attack upon the dog. Without any influence by the HF and without hesitation, the dog must defend itself through energetic and powerful griping. Upon a signal from the judge, the Helper stops and stands still. Upon a single short voice command, the dog must release and then guard the Helper closely and attentively. The HF goes to his dog and commands him to "heel". The stick is not taken from the Helper.

5. Attack on the dog out of motion (25 pts)

The handler with his dog will be sent into the middle of the field, at about the level of the third blind. The dog must sit next to his handler and may be hold by the collar.

Upon a signal from the judge, the Helper, carrying a stick, steps out from the sixth blind in a normal pace and walks directly toward the dog. As soon as the Helper has reached a point about 30 paces from the HF and his dog (which is sitting at heel beside him), the judge gives the HF a signal and the HF lets his dog go. The handler himself may not move from his position.

The Helper makes a frontal attack upon the dog, accompanied by intimidating utterances and fierce threatening motions. The dog must thwart the attack through energetic and powerful griping. Once the dog is griping the sleeve, he is to receive two stick hits. The hits are permitted on the thighs, side-portions (ribcage) and in the region of the withers (top of shoulder blades), Upon a signal from the judge, the Helper stops and stands still. Upon a single short voice command, the dog must release and then guard the Helper closely and attentively. Upon a signal from the judge, the HF goes to his dog, disarms the Helper, and positions himself for the start of the side-transport.

Now there is a side-transport of the Helper to the judge over a distance of about 20 paces. A short voice command at the start of the transport is allowed. The HF must walk on the right side of the Helper, with the dog between the HF and the Helper. During the transport, the dog may neither jump on nor grip the Helper. The group stops in front of the judge, and the HF presents the stick to the judge. The Helper leaves the field. The dog must remain in the free-heeling position while the dog and handier walk to the place where the critique will be given, and during the critique the dog must remain sitting free in the heel position. After the critique, the dog handler leaves the field with his dog heeling free beside him.

Back to the Schutzhund Rules Table of Contents

Guidelines of the International Working Dog Organization (FCI)

International Trial Rules, level 2 (IPO 2)

Part A: TRACKING

Maximum score: 100 points Verbal command: "search/such" -staying on the track = 80 pts -two articles found = 20 pts

The track should be about 600 paces in length, laid by a stranger to the dog, with two right angle corners and at least 30 minutes old.

The dog and handler should be out of sight when the stranger lays the trail. The judge will advise the track layer about the patters of the trial. The track layer will mark the start with a stake or marker and will remain on the right side of the stake for approximately one minute without trampling or marking the starting point. Two articles of approximately 15 centimeters (cm) in length, approximately 5-6 cm in width and approximately 2-3 cm in thickness are to be handed to the tracklayer approximately 30 minutes prior to the laying of the track. Both articles are to placed on the track, the first article in the middle of the second leg and the second article at the end of the track. After placing the last article, the tracklayer will proceed about 10 paces straight ahead before deviating from the direction of the track. The articles are not to be laid near trees poles or other prominent markers. Articles of bright colors and articles that could be blown away during heavy wind conditions are not to be used.

Before the start, the handler will report to the judge with the dog on leash or equipped for tracking. The dog should sit at heel during the reporting process. The handler will advise the judge whether the dog will pick up or point out the articles. If a dog is trained to pick up the articles, it is permissible to stand, sit or return to the handler. It is not necessary for the pick up exercise to be performed the same both times. Both picking up and pointing out together is faulty. If a dog points out the articles, the excerise can be performed by laying down, sitting or standing and again it is not necessary to perform both indication in the same manner. It is faulty if the dog points out one article and picks up the other or drops the article during the pick up indication.

It is up to the discretion of the handler how the dog is to be started and whether to track on a leash or to track free without a leash. The tracking leash must be 10 meters in length and must be completely let out during the tracking phase' Should a handler choose to track without a tracking leash, the dog must be followed at a distance of 10-12 meters.

The track should be worked out by the dog in a quiet manner so that the handler can follow at a convenient pace. When the articles are found they are to be taken by the handler and shown to the judge by raising an arm. The articles are to be returned to the judge after the completion of the track.

Dispensing food for praising purpose is not permitted while on the track. After the completion of the track, the handler reports to the judge with the dog sifting at heel to present the articles. The judge may stop the evaluation if, after 15 minutes on the track, the end has not been successfully reached.

Part B: OBEDIENCE
Maximum score: 100 points

Each individual exercise begins and ends with the basic position.

The judge gives the signal to begin each exercise. All further movements, such as turns, halt, change of pace etc. will be carried out without signals from the judge; however, the handler is permitted to request the judge to give commands (signals) for all of these movements.

The transition from fast pace to slow pace must be shown without putting any normal-pace steps in between. The "left-about-turns" may be made in either of two ways.

1. Heeling on leash and impartiality (10 pts)

Verbal command.- "heel/Full"

The handler stands with his dog sifting beside him, on leash, in the basic position. When the handler gives the verbal command "heel/Full", the dog must go with him willingly. At the start of the exercise, the handler and dog must go straight out 40-50 paces without stopping, make an about-turn, and after 10-15 paces must show the fast pace and the slow pace (at least 10 paces each.) Then, in normal pace, the handler and dog must perform at least one right turn, one left turn, and one about-turn. The dog must remain always on the left side of the handler, with his shoulder-blade level with the handler's knee; the dog may not forge, lag or travel out wide from the handler.

The "about-turn" is to be shown as a left-about-turn. The handler may give the verbal command "heel/Full" only when starting forward and when changing pace. When the handler stops, the dog must sit quickly without influence from the handler. During this procedure, the handler may not change his basic position and especially may not move to accommodate a crooked-sifting dog. The lead must be held in the handler's left hand throughout the exercise, and it must hang slack. Upon the judge's signal, the handler takes his dog through a group of at least four people. The handler must stop once in the group. The group members are to move about one another. Lagging, forging, heeling wide, and hesitation of the handler at the turns are faulty.

2. Free heeling (15 pts)

Verbal command: "heel/Fug"

At the judge's instruction, the dog is unleashed while in the basic position. The handier hangs the lead around his shoulder or puts it in his pocket, and then proceeds immediately into the group with his free-heeling dog, stopping at least once in the group. After leaving the group, the handier briefly assumes the basic position, and then begins the free-heeling routine, following the same pattern as in the "heeling-on-leash" exercise. While the handler is performing the "free-heeling" exercise (but not while he is going through the Group), two shots (caliber 6-9 mm) are to be fired. The dog must remain indifferent to the gunshots.

Any dog showing gun-shyness will be immediately excused from the trial. It is definitely faulty if the dog shows a desire to attack at the sound of the shots, even though he remains under the handler's control. Only the dog that is indifferent to the gunshots will receive full points.

3. Sit out of motion (5 pts)

Verbal command: "sit/sitz"

From the basic position, the handler goes straight forward with his free-heeling dog. After at least ten paces, the handler gives the verbal command "sit/sitz", and the dog must sit quickly without the handler altering his pace or looking backwards. The handier goes on another 30 paces, then stops and turns to face his dog. At the judge's signal, the handier returns to the dog and takes up the basic position on the dog's right side. Up to 3 points will be deducted if the dog lies down or remains standing instead of sitting at the command.

4. Down with recall (10 pts)

Verbal commands: "down/platz"; "come/hier"; "heel/FuR"

From the basic position, the handler gives the verbal command "heel/Fug" and proceeds straight forward with his dog. After at least ten paces, the verbal command "down/platz" is given and the dog must quickly lie down. Without any other influence on the dog and without turning around, the handler goes on a further 30 paces, turns immediately to face his dog, and remains standing still.

At the judge's signal, the handier recalls his dog. The dog must come in rapidly and happily and must sit close in front of the handler. On the verbal command "heel", the dog must quickly go to sit beside the handler. If the dog remains standing, or sits, but comes in perfectly, up to 5 points may be deducted.

5. Retrieving a I kg (2.2 lb) dumbbell on flat ground (10 pts)

Verbal command: "fetch/bring"

The dog sits free next to the handier. The handier throws a 1 kilogram dumbbell about ten paces ( 30') away. Upon the single verbal command "fetch/bring", the dog must run rapidly to the thrown article, immediately pick it up, and return to the handler at a fast pace, The dog must sit close in front of the handler and must hold the article in his grasp until the handler, after a brief pause, takes the article from the dog with the verbal command "out/aus."

On the verbal command "heel/FW, the dog must rapidly go and sit on the left side of the handier. The handler must remain in the basic position throughout the exercise.

6. Retrieve 650 gram (1 <1/2> lb) dumbbell over brush-hurdle 1 meter (39") high. 1.5 meters ( 5') wide (15 pts)

Verbal commands: "jump/hopp"; "fetch/bring"

The handler positions himself at an appropriate distance from the hurdle with his dog sitting free beside him. Then he throws the 650-gram wooden dumbbell over the hurdle. On the verbal commands "jump/hopp." "fetch/bring" the dog must perform a clean jump over the hurdle without disturbing it, immediately pick up the article, return over the hurdle, sit close in front of the handier, and hold the article in his grip until the handier, after a brief pause, takes the article from him with the verbal command "out/aus".

At the verbal command 'heel/FW, the dog must go rapidly to sit beside the handler The verbal command "fetch/bring" must be given before the dog has reached the dumbbell.

7. Scaling-jump over a slanted wall 1.9 m (6') high and 1.5 m (5') wide to retrieve handier's article (15 pts)

Verbal commands: "jump/hopp"; "fetch/bring"

The slanted wall consists of two boards, hinged at the top, each being a scaling board 1.5 m (5') wide and 1.9 m (6') tall. The lower parts of these boards, at ground level, are placed a certain distance apart from each other so as to produce a final vertical height of 1.6 m (5'2"). Each side of the wall has three wooden cleats fastened across it, each about 2448 mm (1"-2") wide.

The handler positions himself an appropriate distance from the scaling wall while his dog sits free next to him. Instead of a handler's article, the handler may throw a dumbbell over the wall. At the verbal commands "jump," 'fetch" the dog must scale the wall, immediately pick up the article, return over the wall and sit close in front of the handler. He must keep the article in his grasp all the while, until the handier, after a brief pause, takes it from him with the verbal command "out/aus". At the verbal command "heel", the dog must rapidly go to sit beside the handler. The verbal command "fetch/bring" must be given before the dog has reached the dumbbell.

8. Send-away with down (10 pts)

Verbal commands: "go out/voraus"; "down/platz"; "sit/sitz"

On the judge's signal, the handler with his free-heeling dog proceeds several steps straight ahead in the direction he has been instructed to go. Simultaneously the handler lifts his arm and gives the verbal command "go out/voraus" and stops still. The dog must go out at a fast pace at least 30 paces (75') in the indicated direction, and must lie down immediately upon the verbal command "down/platz." The handler may keep his arm raised high, to show the direction, until the dog has downed. On the judge's signal, the handler picks up his dog by returning to the right side of the dog and giving the verbal command 11 sit/sitz."

Procedure

Repeated raising and lowering of the arm is not allowed. The dog is to go out in a straight direction, but minor deviations are not faulty. Strong deviation, too short a go-out, too early or hesitant lying down, and standing up of the dog on the handier's return will result in point loss.

9. Down under distraction (I Opts)

Verbal commands: "down/platz"; "sit/sitz"

Before the start of another dog's obedience exercises, the handler downs his dog at a distance of about 40 paces, without leaving the leash or any type of article with the dog. Remaining within the dog's sight, the handler goes to a spot about 40 paces from the dog, without turning around, and there remains quietly standing with his back to the dog. The dog must remain lying there, without any influence from the handler, until the other dog working on the field has completed exercises 1-7. After exercise 7, the "downed" dog will be picked up by the same procedure as in exercise 8 above.

Procedure:

The handler must stand quietly with his back to his dog in that spot on the trialground where he was instructed to stand, until the judge instructs him to pick up his dog. Restless behavior of the handler, and other hidden help, as well as tooearly getting up of the dog when the handler returns, are faulty. If the dog stands or sits, but remains on the spot where he was put down, a partial score will be given . If, prior to the completion of exercise 4 by the dog on the field, the "downed" dog moves a distance of more than 3 meters ( 10') from where he was put down, the exercise will receive 0 points. If the "downed" dog leaves his position after the other dog completes exercise 4, he will receive partial points. If the dog comes to meet the handier as the handler goes to pick him up, up to 3 points are deducted.

Part C: PROTECTION WORK

Maximum Score: 100 points

1. Searching for the Helper (5 pts)

Six blinds are to be set up in a staggered fashion, three on each side, along the length of an area measuring about 100 meters (300 ft.) long and about 80 meters (240 ft.) wide. A Helper with a full protection suit, protection sleeve and soft stick is placed in the last (sixth) blind, out of sight of the dog.

The handler (HF) positions himself, with his dog off leash sitting, beside him, on an imaginary midline at the level of the third blind. By raising one arm high into the air, the HF signals the judge that he is ready to begin the work. Upon a signal from the judge, the HF begins the Protection Work. Upon the handler giving short voice commands and hand signals with the right or left arm, which may be repeated, the dog must quickly leave the handler and run to and around four blinds in order. The HF must move along the imaginary midline, and may not leave this position during the search for the Helper.

Once the dog has completed a search to one side, the HF may call the dog to him with a short voice command and, while still moving (on the center line), he may send the dog in another direction with a new short voice command. The voice command used to recall the dog to the handler may be combined with the callname of the dog. The dog must always run in front of the handier (while crossing the field to search), When the dog reaches the last blind, the handler must stop and stand still, and no further commands are allowed.

2. Hold and bark (5 + 5 = 10 pts)

The dog must confront the Helper attentively and bark continuously. The dog may not jump on or grip the Helper. Upon a signal from the judge, the HF goes to his dog. Upon another signal from the judge, the HIP will position himself with his dog in the basic position, at a distance of one step (one pace) away from the Helper.

Now the HF orders the Helper to move out of the blind a distance of five steps (paces).

3. Attempted escape of the Helper (20 pts)

Upon a signal from the judge, the HF with his free-heeling dog steps away from the blind and positions himself at a distance of five paces from the Helper. The handler leaves his dog in a sitting position guarding the Helper, and goes back again into the blind (to search the blind for weapons etc.). Upon a signal from the judge, the Helper tries to escape. Upon a voice command from the HF, the dog must immediately and without hesitation prevent the escape by means of an energetic and strong grip. Upon a signal from the judge, the Helper stops and stands still. The dog must release upon a single command and must guard the Helper closely and attentively.

4. Defense of the dog during the guarding phase (20 pts)

After a guarding phase of about five seconds, and upon a signal from the judge, the Helper makes an attack upon the dog. Without any influence by the HF and without hesitation, the dog must defend itself through energetic and powerful griping. Upon a signal from the judge, the Helper stops and stands still. Upon a single short voice command, the dog must release and then guard the Helper closely and attentively. The HF goes to his dog and prepares for the back-transport. The stick is not taken from the Helper, but the Helper must carry it so that the dog does not see it until Exercise 6.

5. Back-transport (5 pts)

Next follows a back-transport of the Helper over a distance of about 30 paces. The HF orders the Helper to go ahead, and walks with his dog at heel at a distance of 5 paces behind the Helper. A short voice command is permitted at the start of the back-transport.

6. Attack on the dog during the back-transport (20 pts)

During the back-transport, and without stopping, the Helper will make an attack upon the dog. Without any influence by the HF and without hesitation, the dog must defend itself through energetic and powerful griping. Once the dog has seized the sleeve, the handler must stop and stand still. Upon a signal from the judge, the Helper stops and stands still. Upon a single short voice command, the dog must release and then guard the Helper closely and attentively. On the judge's signal, the HF goes to his dog, disarms the Helper, and positions himself for the side-transport.

Next follows a side-transport of the Helper to the judge over a distance of about 20 paces. A short voice command at the start of the transport is allowed. The HF must walk on the right side of the Helper, with the dog between the HF and the Helper. During the transport, the dog may neither jump on nor grip the Helper. The group stops in front of the judge, and the HF presents the stick to the judge. The Helper leaves the field or goes into the sixth blind.

7. Attack on the dog out of motion (20 pts)

The handler with his dog will be sent into the middle of the field, at about the level of the third blind. The dog, off leash, must sit next to his handler. Upon a signal from 'the judge, the Helper, carrying a stick, steps out from the sixth blind in a running pace and runs directly toward the dog. As soon as the Helper has reached a point about 30 paces from the HF and his dog (which is sitting at heel beside him off leash), the judge gives the HF a signal and the HF (verbally) releases his dog. The handler himself may not move from his position.

The Helper makes a frontal attack upon the dog, accompanied by intimidating utterances and fierce threatening motions. The dog must thwart the attack through energetic and powerful griping. Once the dog is griping the sleeve, he is to receive two stick hits. The hits are permitted on the thighs, side-portions (ribcage) and in the region of the withers (top of shoulder blades). Upon a signal from the judge, the Helper stops and stands still. Upon a single short voice command, the dog must release and then guard the Helper closely and attentively. Upon a signal from the judge, the HF goes to his dog, disarms the Helper, and positions himself for the start of the side-transport.

Now there is a side-transport of the Helper to the judge over a distance of about 20 paces. A short voice command at the start of the transport is allowed. The HF must walk on the right side of the Helper, with the dog between the HF and the Helper. During the transport, the dog may neither jump on nor grip the Helper. The group stops in front of the judge, and the HF presents the stick to the judge. The Helper leaves the field. The dog must remain in the free-heeling position while the dog and handler walk to the place where the critique will be given , and during the critique the dog must remain sitting free in the heel position. After the critique, the dog handler leaves the field with his dog heeling free beside him.

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Guidelines of the International Working Dog Organization (FCI)

International Trial Rules, level 3 (IPO 3)

Part A: TRACKING

Maximum score: 100 points Verbal command: "search/such" -staying on the track = 80 pts -3 articles (7 + 7 + 6) = 20 pts

This is a search for lost articles on a stranger's track. The track is about 800 paces ( 2400') long, at least 60 minutes old, with three articles to be found. The dog may track free or on a 10 meter ( 30') tracking line; both ways will be scored the same.

The stranger's track contains four right angles. The judge determines the lay of the track in conformity with the available tracking terrain. The tracks must be laid out differently; for instance, every track cannot have all the
corners and all the articles at the same exact distances as the other tracks. The starting-point of the track must be well marked by a marker placed into the ground to the left of the starting-point. After the track layer has lingered a little while at the starting-point, he proceeds forward in the prescribed direction and places the first article after about 100 paces, and the second article in the middle of the second or third leg, without interrupting his stride. The third article is placed at the end of the track. After placing the last article, the track layer walks a few paces farther in the same direction, then steps sideways and returns out to one side of the track.

The handler may work his dog free or on the 10 meter ( 30') tracking line; both ways are scored equally. If the dog has not reached the end of the track within 20 minutes of his starting time, the judge will terminate the tracking work.

Procedure

The dog and handler must remain out of sight of the track during the laying of the track. The track-scent should, so far as possible, not be altered by the placing of the articles on the track. The track layer may not scuffle his feet or stop. The articles must be laid on the track, not beside it.

The handler prepares his dog for the tracking work. When called, he reports in to the judge with his dog and advises the judge whether the dog will pick up or indicate the articles. Doing both together (on the same track), i.e. picking up and indicating, is faulty.

On the judge's instruction, the dog is taken to the starting-point slowly and calmly and is started on the track. Any type of compulsion is to be avoided prior to the tracking, during the starting of the track, and throughout the tracking work. The dog is to be given ample time to take up the scent at the start of the track. Everything must be avoided that might tend to urge the dog to press forward impulsively.

The dog should take the scent calmly with a deep nose. As soon as the dog begins to track, the handler must stand still and let the 10-meter line slip freely through his hands. Then he follows his dog. If he is tracking without a line, the handler is to maintain the 30' distance behind his dog. As soon as the dog has found an article, he must immediately (without influence from the handler) pick up the article or indicate it convincingly. If the dog picks up articles he may then stand still, sit or return to the handler with the article. The dog may not lie down to pick up articles, nor may he proceed forward holding a picked up article; both are faulty behaviors. Indicating of articles may be done while lying down, sitting or standing still. When an article has been indicated, the handler drops the line and goes immediately to the dog. He shows that the dog has found the article by lifting the article high into the air. Then the handler continues the tracking work with his dog. After the end of the track, the handler must show the articles to the officiating judge.

It is permitted for the handler to go to the dog that has picked up an article. The tracking line may hang slack, so long as the handler does not let it fall from his hand (while tracking). The tracking line must be fastened to a breast-harness, a B>oSniffing of the starting-stake is not faulty. If the handler gets to a point that is off the track by more than one length of the tracking line, the tracking is terminated.

If the dog leaves the track and the handler tries to hold him back, the judge will order the handler to follow the dog; if the handler holds the dog again, the tracking will be terminated.

Part B: OBEDIENCE

Maximum score: 100 points

Each individual exercise begins and ends with the basic position.

The judge gives the signal to begin each exercise. All further movements, such as turns, halt, change of pace etc. will be carried out without signals from the judge; however, the handler is permitted to request the judge to give commands (signals) for all of these movements. The transition from fast pace to slow pace must be shown without putting any normal-pace steps in between. The "leftabout-turns" may be made in either of two ways.

I. Free heeling (10 pts)

Verbal command: "heel/Fug"

The handler reports in to the judge with his dog sitting off-leash beside him. The leash may not be visible to the dog. On the verbal command "heel/FuR", the dog must go with his handler willingly. At the start of the exercise, the handler and dog must go straight out 40-50 paces without stopping, make an about-turn, and after 10- 15 paces must show the fast pace and the slow pace (at least 10 paces each.) Then, in normal pace, the handler and dog must perform at least one right turn, one left turn, and one about-turn. The "about-turn" is to be shown as a leftabout-turn. The dog must always have his shoulder-blade at knee-level on the handler's left side, and the dog may not forge, lag or travel wide.

The handler may give the verbal command "heel/Fug" only when starting forward and when changing pace. When the handler stops, the dog must sit quickly without influence from the handler. During this procedure, the handler may not change his basic position and especially may not move to accommodate a crooked-sitting dog.

Upon the judge's signal, the handler takes his dog through a group of at least four people. The handler must stop once in the group. The group members are to move about one another. Lagging, forging, heeling wide, and hesitation of the handler at the turns are faulty.

While the handler is performing the "free-heeling" exercise (but not while he is going through the Group), two shots (caliber 6-9 mm) are to be fired. The dog must remain indifferent to the gunshots. Any dog showing gun-shyness will be immediately excused from the trial. It is definitely faulty if the dog shows a desire to attack at the sound of the shots, even though he remains under the handler's control. Only the dog that is indifferent to the gunshots will receive full points.

2. Sit out of motion (5 pts)

Verbal command: "sit/sitz"

From the basic position, the handler goes straight forward with his free-heeling dog. After at least ten paces, the handler gives the verbal command "sit/sitz", and the dog must sit quickly without the handler altering his pace or looking backwards. The handler goes on another 30 paces, then stops and turns to face his dog. At the judge's signal, the handler returns to the dog and takes up the basic position on the dog's right side. Up to 3 points will be deducted if the dog lies down or remains standing instead of sitting at the command.

3. Down with recall (10 pts)

Verbal commands: "down/platz"; "come/hier"; "heel/FuR"

From the basic position, the handler proceeds straight forward with his dog for ten paces, then goes directly into a fast pace. After at least ten paces further, the verbal command "down/platz" is given and the dog must quickly lie down, without the handler altering his stride. Without looking back, the handler runs a further 30 paces, stops, and turns immediately to face his dog. After a short pause, the judge signals the handler to call the dog. The dog must come in rapidly and happily and sit close in front of the handler. On the verbal command "heel", the dog must go quickly to sit beside the handler. If the dog sits or remains standing after the verbal command to "down", up to 5 points may be deducted.

4. Stand out of walking pace (5 pts)

Verbal command: "stand/steh"'

From the basic position, the handler with his free-heeling dog goes straight ahead. After at least 10 paces, on the verbal command "stand/steh"', the dog" must quickly stop and stand still, without the handler altering his stride or looking backwards. After a further 30 paces, the handler stops and turns around to face the dog. On the judge's signal, the handler goes back to pick up the dog. The exercise ends after the handler has returned to the dog's right side, has given the verbal command "sit/sitz", and the dog is sifting.

5. Stand out of running pace (10 pts)

Verbal commands: "stand/steh"'; "come/hier"

From the basic position, the handler and his free-heeling dog run straight out. After at least 10 paces, the dog must stop still on the verbal command 11 stand/steh"' without the handler altering his stride or looking backward. After a further 30 paces the handler stops and turns to face the dog. At the judge's signal the dog is recalled. The dog must come in fast and sit close in front of the handler. On the verbal command to "heel/FuR", the dog must quickly go to sit beside the handler.

6. Retrieving a 2 kg (4.4 lb) dumbbell on flat ground (10 pts)

Verbal command: "fetch/bring"

The dog sits free next to the handler. The handler throws a 2 kilogram dumbbell about ten paces ( 30') away. Upon the single verbal command "fetch/bring", the dog must run rapidly to the dumbbell, immediately pick it up, and return to the handler at a fast pace. The dog must sit close in front of the handler and must hold the article in his grasp until the handler takes the it from him with the verbal command “out/aus.” On the verbal command
"heel/FuB", the dog must sit quickly beside the handler The handler must remain in the basic position until the dog has retrieved the dumbbell and is sitting next to him.

7. Retrievina a 650-gram ( 1<1/2> lb dumbbell by a clean jump Over a brushhurdle I meter (39") high, 1.5 meters (5') wide (15 pts)

Verbal commands.- "jump/hopp"; "fetch/bring"

The handler positions himself at an appropriate distance from the hurdle with his dog sifting free beside him. Then he throws the 650-gram wooden dumbbell over the hurdle. On the verbal commands "jump/hopp," "fetch/bring" the dog must perform a clean jump over the hurdle without disturbing it, immediately pick up the article , return over the hurdle, sit close in front of the handler, and hold the article in his grip until the handler, after a brief pause, takes the article from him with the verbal command "out/aus."

At the verbal command "heel/Fug", the dog must go rapidly to sit beside the handler. The verbal command "fetch/bring" must be given before ,the dog has reached the dumbbell.

8. Scaling-jump over a slanted wall 1.9 m (6') high and 1.6 m ( 5') wide to retrieve handler's article (15 pts)

Verbal commands: "jump/hopp"; "fetch/bring"

The slanted wall consists of two boards, hinged at the top, each being a scaling, board 1.5 m (5') wide and 1.9 m (6') tall. The lower parts of these boards, at ground level, are placed a certain distance apart from each other so as to produce a final vertical height of 1.8 m ( 6').

Each side of the wall has three wooden cleats fastened across it, each about 2448 mm (1"-2") wide.

The handler positions himself an appropriate distance from the scaling wall while his dog sits free next to him. Instead of a handler's article, the handler may throw a dumbbell over the wall. At the verbal commands “jump,” “fetch” the dog must scale the wall, immediately pick up the article, return over the wall and sit close in front of the handler. He must keep the article in his grasp all the while, until the handler, after a brief pause, takes it from him with the verbal command "out/aus". At the verbal command 'heel", the dog must rapidly go to sit beside the handler. The verbal command "fetch/bring" must be given before the dog has reached the dumbbell.

9. Send-away with down (10 pts)

Verbal commands: "go out/voraus"; "down/platz"; "sit/sitz"

On the judge's signal, the handler with his free-heeling dog proceeds several steps straight ahead in the direction he has been instructed to go. Simultaneously the handler lifts his arm and gives the verbal command "go out/voraus" and stops still. The dog must go out at a fast pace at least 40 paces (75') in the indicated direction, and must lie down immediately upon the verbal command "down/platz." The handler may keep his arm raised high, to show the direction, until the dog has downed. On the judge's signal, the handler picks up his dog by returning to the right side of the dog and giving the verbal command "sit/sitz".

10. Down under distraction (10 pts)

Verbal commands: "down/platz"; "sit/sitz"

Before the start of another dog's obedience exercises, the handler downs his dog at a distance of about 40 paces, without leaving the leash or any type of article with the dog. Now the handler, without looking around, proceeds at least 40 paces from his dog to a place out of the dog's sight but within the trial grounds. On the judge's signal, the handler picks up his dog by returning to the right side of the dog and giving the verbal command to "sit."

Part C: PROTECTION WORK

Maximum Score: 100 points

1. Searching for the Helper (10 pts)

Six blinds are to be set up in a staggered fashion, three on each side, along the length of an area measuring about 100 meters (300 ft.) long and about 80 meters (240 ft.) wide. A Helper with a full protection suit, protection sleeve and soft stick is placed in the last (sixth) blind, out of sight of the dog.

The handler (HF) positions himself, with his dog off leash sitting beside him, on an imaginary midline at the level of the first blind. By raising one arm high into the air, the HF signals the judge that he is ready to begin the work. Upon a signal from the judge, the HF begins the Protection Work. Upon the handler giving short voice commands and hand signals with the right or left arm, which may be repeated, the dog must quickly leave the handler and run to and around the blinds in order. The HF must move along the imaginary midline, and may not leave this position during the search for the Helper.

Once the dog has completed a search to one side, the HF may call the dog to him with a short voice command and, while still moving (on the center line), he may send the dog in another direction with a new short voice command. The voice command used to recall the dog to the handier may be combined with the callname of the dog. The dog must always run in front of the handler (while crossing the field to search). When the dog reaches the last blind, the handier must stop and stand still, and no further commands are allowed.

2. Hold and bark (5 + 5 = 10 pts)

The dog must confront the Helper attentively and bark continuously. The dog may not jump on or e the Helper Upon a signal from the judge, the HF goes to his dog. Upon another signal from the judge, the HF will position himself with his dog in the basic position, at a distance of one step (one pace) away from the Helper. Now the HF orders the Helper to move out of the blind a distance of five steps (paces).

3. Attempted escape of the Helper (15 pts)

Upon a signal from the judge, the HF with his free-heeling dog steps away from the blind and positions himself at a distance of five paces from the Helper. The handler leaves his dog in a sifting position guarding the Helper, and goes back again into the blind (to search the blind for weapons etc.). Upon a signal from the judge, the Helper tries to escape. Upon a voice command from the HF, the dog must immediately and without hesitation prevent the escape by means of an energetic and strong grip. Upon a signal from the judge, the Helper stops and stands still. The dog must release upon a single command and must guard the Helper closely and aftentively.

4. Defense of the dog during the guarding phase (15 pts)

After a guarding phase of about five seconds, and upon a signal from the judge, the Helper makes an attack upon the dog. Without any influence by the HF and without hesitation, the dog must defend itself through energetic and powerful griping. Once the dog is griping the sleeve, he is to receive two stick hits. The hits are permitted on the thighs, side-portions (rib-cage) and in the region of the withers (top of shoulder blades). Upon a signal from the judge, the Helper stops and stands still. Upon a single short voice command, the dog must release and then guard the Helper closely and attentively. The HF goes to his dog and prepares for the back-transport. The stick is not taken from the Helper, but the Helper must carry it so that the dog does not see it until Exercise 6.

5. Back-transport (5 pts)

Next follows a back-transport of the Helper over a distance of about 30 paces. The HF orders the Helper to go ahead, and walks with his dog at heel at a distance of 5 paces behind the Helper. A short voice command is permitted at the start of the back-transport.

6. Attack on the dog during the back transport (15 pts)

During the back-transport, and without stopping, the Helper will make an attack upon the dog. Without any influence by the HF and without hesitation, the dog must defend itself through energetic and powerful griping. Once the dog has seized the sleeve, the handier must stop and stand still.

Upon a signal from the judge, the Helper stops and stands still. Upon a single short voice command, the dog must release and then guard the Helper closely and attentively. On the judge's signal, the HF goes to his dog, disarms the Helper, and positions himself for the side-transport.

Next follows a side-transport of the Helper to the judge over a distance of about 20 paces. A short voice command at the start of the transport is allowed. The HF must walk on the right side of the Helper, with the dog between the HF and the helper. During the transport, the dog may neither jump on nor grip the Helper. The group stops in front of the judge, and the HF presents the stick to, the judge. The Helper leaves the field or goes into the sixth blind.

7. Attack on the dog out of motion (15 pts)

The handler with his dog will be sent into the middle of the field, at about the level of the third blind. The dog, off leash, must sit next to his handier.

Upon a signal from the judge, the Helper, carrying a stick, steps out from the sixth blind in a running pace and runs to the midline of the field. When he reaches the midline, the Helper turns toward the HF without breaking his stride (and begins running toward the HF). As soon as the Helper has reached a point about 30 paces from the HF and his dog (which is sitting at heel beside him off leash), the judge gives the HF a signal and the HF (verbally) releases his dog. The handier himself may not move from his position.

The Helper makes a frontal attack upon the dog, accompanied by intimidating utterances and fierce threatening motions. The dog must thwart the attack through energetic and powerful griping. Upon a signal from the judge, the Helper stops and stands still. Upon a single short voice command, the dog must release and then guard the Helper closely and attentively.

8. Defense of the dog during the guarding phase (15 pts)

After a guarding phase of about five seconds, and upon a signal from the judge, the Helper makes another attack upon the dog. Without any influence by the HF and without hesitation, the dog must defend itself through energetic and powerful griping. Once the dog is griping the sleeve, he is to receive two stick hits. The hits are permitted on the thighs, side-portions (rib-cage) and in the region of the withers (top of shoulder blades). Upon a signal from the judge, the Helper stops and stands still. Upon a single short voice command, the dog must release and then guard the Helper closely and attentively.

Upon the judge's signal, the HF goes to his dog, disarms the Helper, and prepares for the side-transport. Now there is a side-transport of the Helper to the judge over a distance of about 20 paces. A short voice command at the start of the transport is allowed. The HF must walk on the right side of the Helper, with the dog between the HF and the Helper. During the transport, the dog may neither jump on nor grip the Helper. The group stops in front of the judge, and the HF presents the stick to the judge. The Helper leaves the field. The dog must remain in the free-heeling position while the dog and handier walk to the place where the critique will be given, and during the critique the dog must remain sitting free in the heel position. After the critique, the dog handler leaves the field with his dog heeling free beside him.

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Principles of Dog Training with Michael Ellis, Starts August 14th