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Leerburg Articles Dog Sports - Schutzhund Schutzhund Rules Page 2

Schutzhund Rules Page 2


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IPO-1

is divided into: Phase A 100 points
  Phase B 100 points
  Phase C 100 points
  Total: 300 points

IPO1 Phase A

The track is laid by the handler, minimum of 300 paces, 3 legs, 2 corners (approximately 90 degrees), 2 articles that belong to the handler, at least 20 minutes old, time to work-out the track 15 minutes

Staying on the track: 80 points
Articles (10+10) 20 points
Total 100 points

General Regulations:

The judge or the person in charge of the tracking determines the pattern of the track, whereas the layout of the tracking field must be taken into consideration. Varying patterns must be used for the tracks. It is not permitted that the articles and corners on each track are placed at the same distance from each other. The start is to be marked clearly with a signpost. The marker is to be placed in the ground directly to the left of the scent pad.

The judge will draw for starting positions.

The handler (= tracklayer) must show the tracking articles to the judge or the person in charge of the tracking prior to laying the track. Only well-scented articles (at least 30 minutes old and scented by the handler) may be used. The handler (= tracklayer) remains for a brief moment on the scent pad and then proceeds at a normal pace in the direction prescribed by the judge. The corners are likewise to be made at a normal pace. The first article is placed on the track after a minimum of 100 paces on the first or second leg.

The second article is to be placed at the end of the last leg. The articles are to be laid on the track while the tracklayer is in motion. After placing the last article at the end of the last leg, the tracklayer must proceed to walk straight ahead for a few more paces. Different types of articles are to be used on the same track (materials: Leather, fabric, wood). The articles must have a size of about 10 cm in length, 2-3 cm in width and 0.5-1 cm in thickness. Their colour may not stand out considerably from that of the terrain. The dog must remain out of sight while the track is laid.

While the dog is working out the track, the judge and any accompanying persons are not permitted in the area of the track where the dog/handler team has the right to track.

  1. Verbal command : “such”
    The verbal command “such” is permitted at the start and after the first article.

  2. Tracking Performance: The handler is preparing the dog for tracking. The dog may track off lead or on a 10 m tracking line. While tracking, the 10 m tracking line may be placed across the back, on the side or between the front and/or hindquarters of the dog. The tracking line may be attached directly to the collar, dead ring, or to the ring on the tracking harness. (The following types of tracking harnesses are permitted: breast-harness or Böttger-harness without any additional straps) When called, the handler will report to the judge with the dog in a basic position. The handler will advise the judge whether the dog will pick up or indicate the articles. Any forceful influence is to be avoided prior to tracking, at the start and during tracking. On command of the judge, the dog is taken slowly and calmly to the starting point and is set onto the track. The dog is to take the scent at the start calmly and intensely, with a deep nose. The dog must then proceed to track with a deep nose, maintaining a steady pace. The handler follows his/her dog at a distance of 10 m at the end of the tracking line. When tracking off lead a distance of 10 m must be maintained as well. A certain amount of slack in the line is permissible, as long as the handler keeps the tracking line in his/her hand. The dog must work out corners confidently. After working out a corner the dog must continue to track at his regular pace. As soon as the dog reaches an article, it must immediately pick-up or indicate the article in a convincing manner, without help from the handler. The dog is permitted to stand, sit or return to the handler when picking-up an article. Moving forward with the article or picking-up the article while lying down is faulty. Indicating of the article may be done standing, sitting or lying down. It is permitted to alternate. As soon as the dog has indicated or picked-up an article, the handler must lay down the tracking line and go to his/her dog. By raising the arm with the article in his/her hand, the handler shows that the dog has found the article. Then the handler picks-up the tracking line and continues to work out the track with his/her dog. Upon completion of the track, the handler must show the articles that were found to the judge.

  3. Evaluation: The speed with which the track is worked out is not a factor in the scoring, as long as the track is worked out intensely, evenly and convincingly and the dog shows a positive tracking attitude. A dog’s checking to convince himself of the layout of the track is not faulty, as long as the dog does not leave the track. Aimless wandering, a high nose, urination/defecation, circling at the corners, continuous encouragement, leash-guidance or verbal help on the track or at the articles, faulty pick-up/indication of the articles and indicating of a false object will cause point deductions. The tracking work is to be terminated if the handler leaves the track by more than one line-length.

If the dog goes to leave the track and the handler restrains him from doing so, the judge will instruct the handler to follow the dog. The tracking-work is to be terminated if the handler fails to follow the judge’s instructions. If the track is not completed within 15 minutes from the time the dog was put on the track, the judge will terminate the tracking-work. The performance shown before the tracking-work was terminated will be evaluated.

If a dog shows both options, in other words, if the dog indicates and picks-up the articles, while working out the articles, this is faulty.

A rating is only given for articles that are indicated in the manner that was announced to the judge when the handler reported in. Faulty indication/pick-up of an article flows into the evaluation of the corresponding leg.

No points are given for articles that are not indicated/picked-up.

The distribution of points, for each individual leg, for maintaining the track has to reflect the length and the degree of difficulty. Each leg is evaluated in points and ratings. If the dog is not tracking (lingering in the same place and the dog is not tracking), the judge may terminate the tracking-work even though the dog is still positioned on the track.

IPO1 Phase B

Exercise 1: Free healing 20 points
Exercise 2: Sit in motion 10 points
Exercise 3: Down with recall 10 points
Exercise 4: Retrieve on the flat 10 points
Exercise 5: Retrieve over hurdle 15 points
Exercise 6: Retrieve over scaling wall 15 points
Exercise 7: Send-out with down 10 points
Exercise 8: Long down under distraction 10 points
Total   100 points

General Regulations

The judge gives the signal to begin each exercise. Everything else such as about turns, halts, change of pace etc. will be carried out without signals from the judge.

The verbal commands are described in the guidelines. Verbal commands are normally spoken, brief commands, consisting of one word. The commands may be given in any language. However, the same command is to be used for the same task at all times. If a dog does not perform the exercise or part of the exercise after receiving three commands, the exercise is to be terminated without a score. For the recall it is permissible to use the dog’s name instead of the verbal command “hier/come”. However, the name of the dog in conjunction with any verbal command is considered a double command.

In a basic position the dog is sitting closely and straight on the left hand side of the handler, whereas the dog’s shoulder is level with the handler’s knee. Each exercise begins and ends in a basic position. It is only permitted to assume a basic position once at the start of an exercise. Brief praising of the dog is only permitted after each exercise is completed and only in a basic position. Upon praising the dog, the handler can assume a new basic position. In any case, there must by a distinct pause (approximately 3 seconds) in between praising the dog and starting a new exercise.

An exercise is developed out of a basic position. The handler must show a minimum of 10 paces or a maximum of 15 paces before giving the verbal command for the execution of the exercise.

Between all fronts and finishes, as well as the part where the handler returns to the sitting, standing or lying dog, a distinct pause (approximately 3 seconds) is to be observed, before a new verbal command may be given. When the handler returns to the dog, he/she may do so by approaching the dog from the front or by going around behind the dog.

Correct free heeling is to be demonstrated at all times in between exercises. The dog has to accompany the handler when he/she picks-up the dumbbells. It is not permitted to play or pump-up the dog while the handler retrieves the dumbbells.

The about turn is a left about turn. The dog may come around behind the handler or back-up from the front. However, it must be performed in the same manner throughout the trial. The dog may perform the finish by going around behind the handler or by executing a flip finish from in front of the handler.

The nonflexible hurdle is 100 cm high and 150 cm wide. The scaling wall consists of two parts connected at the top. The two sides of the wall are 150 cm wide and 191 cm high. The wall is to be positioned on the ground in such a manner that the vertical height is 180 cm. Both sides of the scaling wall must be covered with a nonskid material. Three cleats (approximately 24/48 mm) shall be attached to the upper part. All dogs entered in a trial must jump over the same obstacles.

For the retrieve exercises only dumbbells are allowed (650 g). The dumbbells provided by the organizer are to be used by all participants. It is not permitted to place the dumbbell in the dog’s mouth prior to the exercise.

If a handler forgets to perform an exercise, the judge will instruct the handler to perform the missing exercise. No points are deducted for this.

  1. Heeling off leash, 20 points

    1. Verbal command: “fuß/heel”
      The handler is permitted to use the command only when starting from a basic position and when changing pace.

    2. Description of the exercise: Before starting the exercise the handler will approach the judge with his/her free-heeling dog. The handler will report to the judge. The dog should sit at heel during the reporting process.

      Out of the basic position the dog is to follow the handler attentively, happily and in a straight manner, upon receiving the verbal command “fuß/heel” from the handler. The dog’s shoulder blade must remain level with the handler’s left knee. When the handler stops, the dog must sit quickly and straight without any influence from the handler. At the start of the exercise handler and dog must walk 50 paces straight forward, without stopping. After demonstrating the about turn and 10-15 more paces the handler must show a fast and slow pace (at least 10 paces each). The transition from fast pace to slow pace is to be performed without any transitional steps in between. The two different paces must be distinctly different in speed.

      Then, at a normal pace, handler and dog must perform at least one right turn, one left turn and one about turn. A halt from a normal pace must be performed at least once. While the handler and the dog walk down the first straight leg, two shots are fired (calibre 6 mm), five seconds apart. The shots are fired at a distance of at least 15 paces from the dog. The dog must remain indifferent to the gunshots. On instruction by the judge, at the end of the exercise, the handler and the dog walk through a moving group, consisting of at least four people.

      In the group, the handler must heel the dog around two persons, one to the left and one to the right and must halt at least once in the group. The judge is entitled to ask the handler to repeat the exercise. The handler and the dog leave the group and assume a basic position.

    3. Evaluation: Forging, heeling wide, lagging, slow or hesitant sits, additional commands, physical help from the handler, inattentiveness during heeling at all paces and all turns and /or an unhappy working attitude of the dog are to be evaluated accordingly.

  2. Sit in motion, 10 points
    1. One verbal command each: “fuß/heel”, “sitz/sit”

    2. Description of the exercise : From a basic position the handler goes straight forward with his/her free-heeling dog.

      After 10-15 paces, the handler gives the verbal command “sitz/sit” and the dog must sit quickly and straight without the handler stopping, altering his/her pace or looking back at the dog. The handler goes on another 30 paces, then stops and turns immediately to face his/her calmly sitting dog. At the judge’s signal the handler returns to the dog and positions him/herself on the dog’s right side.

    3. Evaluation: Faulty build-up, slow sitting down, restless and inattentive sitting are to be evaluated accordingly. 5 points will be deducted if the dog lies down or remains standing.


  3. Down with recall, 10 points
    1. One verbal command each: “fuß/heel”, “platz/down”, “hier/come”, “fuß/heel”

    2. Description of the exercise: From a basic position the handler moves straight forward with his/her free-heeling dog. After 10-15 paces, the handler gives the dog the verbal command “platz/down”. The dog must lie down quickly and straight without the handler stopping, altering his/her pace or looking back at the dog.

      The handler goes on another 30 paces, then stops and turns immediately to face his/her calmly lying dog. At the judge’s signal the handler recalls the dog using the command “hier/come” or the dog’s name. The dog must come in happily, quickly and directly and must sit closely and straight in front of the handler. On the verbal command “fuß/heel”, the dog must quickly go to sit straight beside the handler, whereas the dog’s shoulder blade is level with the handler’s knee.

    3. Evaluation: Faulty build-up, slow downing, restlessness, slow recall or slowing down while returning to the handler, splay-legged stance of the handler, faulty sit in front of the handler and a faulty finish are to be evaluated accordingly. If the dog remains standing or sits after receiving the command 5 points will be deducted.

  4. Retrieve on the flat, 10 points
    1. One verbal command each: “bring/fetch”, “aus/out”, “fuß/heel”

    2. Description of the exercise: From a straight basic position the handler throws a dumbbell (weight: 650g) about 10 paces far. The verbal command “bring/fetch” is not to be given until the dumbbell is lying completely still. The dog sits calmly and free next to the handler.

      Upon receiving the verbal command “bring/fetch”, the dog is to run quickly and directly to the dumbbell, pick it up immediately and return it to the handler quickly and directly. The dog is to sit closely and straight in front of the handler. The dog is to hold the dumbbell calmly in his mouth until the handler, after a pause of about three seconds, takes the dumbbell away by giving the command “aus/out”. The handler must hold the dumbbell calmly in his/her right hand, with the right arm stretched-out alongside the right side of the body. On the verbal command “fuß/heel”, the dog must quickly go into a basic position and sit straight on the handler’s left side, whereas the dog’s shoulder blade is level with the handler’s knee. The handler is not permitted to change positions during the entire exercise.

    3. Evaluation: Faulty basic position, slow go-out, faulty pick-up, slow coming back, dropping of the dumbbell, playing with the dumbbell or mouthing, splay-legged stance of the handler, faulty sit in front of the handler and faulty finish are to be evaluated accordingly. Throwing the dumbbell too short as well as help from the handler, without changing his/her position, leads to point deduction.

      If the handler leaves his/her position before the exercise is finished, the exercise will be rated “faulty”. If the dog does not retrieve the dumbbell, the exercise will be evaluated with 0 points.

  5. Retrieve over hurdle (100 cm), 15 points
    1. One verbal command each: “hopp/jump”, “bring/fetch”, “aus/out”, “fuß/heel”

    2. Description of the exercise: The handler assumes a basic position in front of the hurdle with his/her dog, at a distance of at least 5 paces from the hurdle. From the basic position the handler throws a dumbbell (650g) over the 100 cm high hurdle. The verbal command “bring/fetch” is not to be given until the dumbbell is lying completely still. The dog sits calmly and free next to the handler.

      Upon receiving the verbal command “hopp/ jump” (the verbal command “bring/fetch” must be given while the dog is jumping over the hurdle), the dog is to jump over the hurdle, run quickly and directly to the dumbbell, pick it up immediately, turn around and jump over the hurdle and return the dumbbell to the handler quickly and directly. The dog is to sit closely and straight in front of the handler. The dog is to hold the dumbbell calmly in his mouth until the handler, after a pause of about three seconds, takes the dumbbell from the dog by giving the verbal command “aus/out”. The handler must hold the dumbbell calmly in his/her right hand, with the right arm stretched-out alongside the right side of the body.

      On the verbal command “fuß/heel”, the dog must quickly go into a basic position and sit quickly and straight on the handlers left side, whereas the dog’s shoulder blade is level with the handler’s knee. The handler is not permitted to change positions during the entire exercise.
    3. Evaluation: Faulty basic position, slow jump and go-out, faulty pick-up, slow return-jump, dropping of the dumbbell, playing with the dumbbell or mouthing, splay-legged stance of the handler, faulty sit in front of the handler and faulty finish are to be evaluated accordingly. For touching of the hurdle up to 1 point must be deducted per jump and for stepping on the hurdle up to 2 points must be deducted.

      Going-out jump: Retrieve Return-jump
      5 points 5 points 5 points


      A partial score for the exercise is only possible if at least two out of the three parts of the exercise (going- out jump - retrieve – return jump) were completed.

      Both jumps perfect, retrieve without faults = 15 points
      Going-out jump or return-jump refused, retrieve without faults = 10 points
      Both jumps perfect, dumbbell not retrieved = 10 points
      If the dumbbell that is thrown by the handler lands too far over to one side or is poorly visible for the dog, the handler may ask the judge for permission to re-throw the dumbbell, or the judge may suggest a re-throw. No point deduction will result from this. The dog must remain sitting while this is going on.

      Any handler-help without changing his/her position, is to be evaluated accordingly. If the handler leaves his/her position before the exercise is finished, the exercise is rated “faulty”.


  6. Retrieve over scaling wall (180 cm), 15 points
    1. One verbal command each: “hopp/jump”, “bring/fetch”, “aus/out”, “fuß/heel”

    2. Description of the exercise: The handler assumes a basic position in front of the scaling wall with his/her dog, at a distance of at least 5 paces from the wall. From the basic position the handler throws a dumbbell (650g) over the scaling wall.

      The dog sits calmly and free next to the handler. Upon receiving the verbal command “hopp/jump” (the verbal command “bring/fetch” must be given while the dog is climbing over the wall) the dog must climb over the wall, run quickly and directly to the dumbbell, pick it up immediately, turn around and immediately climb back over the scaling wall and return the dumbbell quickly and directly.

      The dog is to hold the dumbbell calmly in his mouth until the handler, after a pause of about three seconds, takes the dumbbell from the dog by giving the verbal command “aus/out”. The handler must hold the dumbbell calmly in his/her right hand, with the right arm stretched-out alongside the right side of the body. On the verbal command “fuß/heel”, the dog must quickly go into a basic position and sit straight on the handlers left side, whereas the dog’s shoulder blade is level with the handler’s knee. The handler is not permitted to change positions during the entire exercise.

    3. Evaluation: Faulty basic position, slow jump and go-out, faulty pick-up, slow return-jump, dropping of the dumbbell, playing with the dumbbell or mouthing, splay-legged stance of the handler, faulty sit in front of the handler and faulty finish are to be evaluated accordingly.

      Going-out jump: Retrieve Return-jump
      5 points 5 points 5 points


      A partial score for the exercise is only possible if at least two out of the three parts of the exercise (going-out jump – retrieve – return jump) were completed.

      Both jumps and retrieve without faults = 15 points Going-out jump or return-jump refused, retrieve without faults = 10 points Both jumps perfect, dumbbell not retrieved = 10 points

      If the dumbbell that is thrown by the handler lands too far over to one side or is poorly visible for the dog, the handler may ask the judge for permission to re-throw the dumbbell, or the judge may suggest a re-throw. No point deductions will result from this. The dog must remain sitting during all this.

      Any handler-help without changing his/her position, is to be evaluated accordingly. If the handler leaves his/her position before the exercise is finished, the exercise is rated “faulty”.

  7. Send-out with down, 10 points
    1. One verbal command each: “voraus/go out”, “platz/down”, “sitz/sit”

    2. Description of the exercise: From a basic position, the handler walks with his/her freeheeling dog in the direction he/she has been instructed to go by the judge. After 10-15 paces the handler gives the dog the verbal command “voraus/go-out”. Simultaneously the handler lifts his/her arm (only once) and stops. The dog must go out purposefully, at a fast pace and in a straight line, at least 30 paces in the indicated direction. On the judge’s signal, the handler gives the verbal command “platz/down”. The dog must down immediately. The handler may keep his/her arm raised until the dog lies down. On the judge’s signal, the handler returns to his/her dog and locates him/herself on the dog’s right side. After about three seconds the handler gives the dog the verbal command “sitz/sit” and the dog must sit-up quickly and straight into a basic position.

    3. Evaluation: Faulty build-up, the handler is following the dog, dog is going-out too slowly, strong deviation to the side, too short of a distance, too early or hesitant lying down, restless lying down or standing-up/sitting-up prematurely when the handler picks-up the dog are to be evaluated accordingly.


  8. Long down under distraction, 10 points
    1. One verbal command each: “platz/down”, “sitz/sit”

    2. Description of the exercise: Before the beginning of another dog’s obedience exercise in Phase B, the handler downs his/her dog with the verbal command “platz/down”, out of a straight basic position, in a spot designated by the judge, without leaving the leash or any type of article with the dog. Then, the handler walks away without turning around, within the boundaries of the exercise grounds, about 30 paces, and remains there quietly standing in sight of the dog, with his/her back towards the dog. The dog must calmly remain in the down position without any influence from the handler, while the other dog is performing exercise 1-6. On the judge’s signal, the handler returns to the dog and positions him/herself on the dog’s right side. After a brief pause of about three seconds, the dog receives the command “sitz/sit”. The dog is to sit-up quickly and straight into a basic position.

    3. Evaluation: Restless behaviour of the handler or other hidden handler-help, restless lying down or premature standing-up/sitting-up when the handler returns, are to be evaluated accordingly. If the dog sits-up or is standing but remains in the designated area, partial points will be given. If the dog removes itself from the designated area by more than 3 meters before the other dog has completed exercise # 3, 0 points will be given for this exercise. If the dog leaves the designated area after exercise 3 is completed, partial points will be given. If the dog walks towards the handler when the handler returns to the dog, up to 3 points may be deducted.

IPO1 Phase C

Exercise 1: Search for the helper 5 points
Exercise 2: Hold and bark 10 points
Exercise 3: Prevention of an attempted escape of the helper 20 points
Exercise 4: Defense of the dog during guarding phase 35 points
Exercise 5: Attack on the dog out of motion 30 points
Total:   100

General Regulations

In a suitable location six blinds are to be set-up along the length of the field, in a staggered fashion, three on each side (see sketch). Necessary markings must be clearly visible for the handler, the judge and the helper.

The helper must be equipped with a protection suit, sleeve and soft-stick. The sleeve must be equipped with a bite-bar and the sleeve-cover must be made from burlap (jute) in a natural colour.

If it is necessary for the helper to keep a close eye on the dog during the guarding phase, the helper is not required to stand still, though he is not permitted to make any threatening or defensive movements. The helper must protect his body with the sleeve. It is up to the handler in which way he/she chooses to take the soft-stick away from the helper. (See also “General Information” page 9-12 – “Helper Regulations”)

It is possible to work with only one helper at all examination levels. If more than 5 dogs are entered at the same examination level a second helper is mandatory. All dogs within the same examination level must be worked by the same helper/helpers.

Dogs that are out of control, that, after a defense exercise, do not release or release only after the handler takes physical measures, that bite other parts of the helper’s body than the sleeve, must be disqualified. No TSB rating is given.

For dogs that fail during a defense exercise or get chased away, the protection phase is to be terminated. The dog does not receive a rating in the protection phase. However, the dog must receive a TSB rating.

The verbal command “aus/out” is permitted one time during all defense exercises. Evaluation for the “out” see the table below.

Slow out First additional
command followed by
immediate out
First additional
comand followed by
slow out
Second additional
command followed by
immediate out
Second additional
command followed by
slow out
No out after second
additional command,
respectively additional influence
0.5-3.0 3.0 3.5-6.0 6.0 6.5-9.0 Disqualification
  1. Search for the helper, 5 points
    1. One verbal command each: “revier/search or voran/go-ahead”, “hier/come” (the verbal command “hier/come” may be given in conjunction with the dog’s name)

    2. Description of the exercise: The helper is located in the last blind, out of the dog’s sight. The handler positions him/herself with his/her free-heeling dog between the fourth and fifth blind prior to starting the blind-search, so that two side-sweeps are possible. On the judge’s signal phase C begins. After the handler gives the verbal command “revier/search” in conjunction with a visual command, which is executed with either the right or left arm and may be repeated, the dog must quickly leave the handler and approach the fifth blind. The dog must run around the blind closely and attentively. As soon as the dog has searched the fifth blind the handler gives the dog the verbal command “hier/come” (it is permissible to use the dog’s name in conjunction with the command) and sends the dog while he/she is in motion, by using the verbal command “revier/search”, into the helper-blind. The handler is moving at a normal pace down an imaginary middle line. The handler is not permitted to leave this imaginary line during the search for the helper. The dog must be in front of the handler at all times. When the dog reaches the helper-blind the handler is required to stand still. At this point no further verbal or visual commands are permitted.

    3. Evaluation: Limitations concerning manageability, fast and purposeful approach of the blinds as well as close and attentive running around the blind are to be deducted accordingly.


  2. Hold and bark, 10 points
    1. One verbal command each: “hier/come”, “fuß/heel”

    2. Description of the exercise: The dog must confront the helper actively and attentively and bark continuously. The dog is not permitted to jump on or grip the helper. After the dog has barked for approximately 20 seconds, the handler approaches the blind, upon receiving a signal from the judge and stops about 5 paces away from it. On the judge’s signal the handler calls his/her dog out of the blind into a basic position.

    3. Evaluation: Limitations regarding the continuous and demanding bark and forceful hold, not influenced by the judge or the approaching handler until the verbal command is given, are to be deducted accordingly. 5 points are given for continuous barking. For weak barking 2 points are deducted. If the dog does not bark but is guarding the helper actively, attentively and closely 5 points are deducted. Bothering of the helper, for example bumping, jumping up on the helper etc. leads to a deduction of up to 2 points. Up to 9 points may be deducted for heavy gripping. If the dog leaves the helper before the handler receives the signal from the judge to leave the middle line, the dog may be sent into the blind a second time. If the dog stays with the helper this time, the protection phase may be continued, though the hold and bark is to be rated “insufficient”. If the dog does not want to search the blind or leaves the helper again, phase C is to be terminated. If the dog returns to the handler when he/she approaches the blind to pick-up the dog, or the dog returns to the handler prior to receiving the verbal command to do so, partial points are given reflecting an “insufficient” rating.


  3. Prevention of an attempted escape of the helper, 20 points
    1. One verbal command each: “fuß/heel”, “platz/down”, “aus/out”

    2. Description of the exercise: Upon a signal from the judge, the handler orders the helper to step out of the blind. The helper moves at a normal pace to the designated location for the escape. On a signal from the judge, the handler moves with his/her free-heeling dog to the designated location for the dog to down before the escape. The distance between dog and helper is 5 paces.

      The handler leaves his/her guarding dog in the down position and moves into the blind, maintaining visual contact with the dog, the judge and the helper. On the judge’s signal the helper tries to escape. The dog must immediately and independently prevent the escape effectively, without hesitation and by means of an energetic and strong grip. The dog may only bite the helper’s sleeve. On the judge’s signal the helper stands still. When the helper stops moving the dog is to release immediately. The handler may give a verbal command “aus/out” on his/her own, within an appropriate time.

      If the dog does not release after the first command, the handler may give up to two additional commands “aus/out”, upon receiving a signal from the judge. If the dog does not release after having received three commands (one permissible and two additional commands), the team is to be disqualified. The handler has to be stand calmly, without influencing the dog in any way, while giving the command “aus/out”. Upon releasing the helper, the dog must stay close to the helper and guard him attentively.

    3. Evaluation: Limitations concerning important evaluation criteria are to be deducted accordingly. Fast and energetic response and pursuit in conjunction with a powerful engagement and effective prevention of the escape, full and calm grip until the release, attentive and close guarding of the helper. If the dog remains in the down position or has not prevented the escape by means of biting and holding after the helper has taken about 20 steps, the protection phase is to be terminated.

      If the dog is slightly inattentive and/or bothers the helper slightly during the guarding phase the exercise will be marked down by one grade. If the dog is guarding the helper very inattentively and/or is bothering the helper very much, the exercise is marked down by two grades. If the dog is not guarding the helper but stays with him, the exercise is marked down by three grades. If the dog leaves the helper or if the handler gives a verbal command for the dog to stay on the helper, phase C is to be terminated.

  4. Defense of the dog during guarding phase, 35 points
    1. One verbal command each: “aus/out”, “fuß/heel”

    2. Description of the exercise: After a guarding phase of about 5 seconds the helper makes an attack on the dog, on the judge’s signal. Without any influence from the handler the dog must defend itself through energetic and powerful gripping. The dog may only bite the protective sleeve of the helper. As soon as the dog has a grip on the sleeve, the helper applies two stickhits. Hits may only be applied to the shoulders and the area of the withers. Upon a signal from the judge the helper stands still. After the helper has stopped the attack and is standing still, the dog must out immediately. The handler may give a verbal command “aus/out” on his own at the appropriate time.

      If the dog does not release after having received the first permissible command, the handler may give up to two additional commands “aus/out”, upon receiving a signal from the judge. If the dog does not release, upon receiving these commands (one permissible and two additional commands), the team is to be disqualified. The handler must stand still without influencing the dog in any other form, while giving the verbal command “aus/out”. After the dog releases, the dog must stay close to the helper and guard him attentively. Upon a signal from the judge the handler walks directly to his/her dog at a normal pace and with the verbal command “fuß/heel” he puts the dog in a basic position. The soft-stick is not taken from the helper.

    3. Evaluation: Limitations concerning important evaluation criteria are to be deducted accordingly. Fast and strong engagement, full and calm grip until the release, attentive and close guarding of the helper.

      If the dog is slightly inattentive and/or bothers the helper slightly during the guarding phase, the exercise will be marked down by one grade.

      If the dog is guarding the helper very inattentively and/or is bothering the helper very much, the exercise is marked down by two grades. If the dog is not guarding the helper but stays with him, the exercise is marked down by three grades. If the dog comes towards the handler when he/she approaches, the exercise is rated “insufficient”. If the dog leaves the helper before the judge gives the signal to step-up or the handler gives a command for the dog to stay on the helper, the protection phase is terminated.

  5. Attack on the dog out of motion, 30 points
    1. One verbal command each: “sitz/sit”, “voran or pack ihn/go out or defend”, “aus/out”, “fuss/heel”, “fuss/heel”

    2. Description of the exercise: The handler is sent with his/her dog to a marked spot on the centreline of the exercise ground, level with the first blind. The dog may be held by it’s collar but it is not permissible to stimulate the dog.

      On a signal from the judge the helper, who is equipped with a soft-stick, steps out of the blind and walks at a normal pace towards the centreline. The helper disregards the handler’s command to stop, he runs towards the handler and the dog (at a running pace), making a frontal attack while yelling and making strong threatening motions. As soon as the helper has reached a point about 30 to 40 paces away from the handler and his/her dog, the handler releases the dog upon receiving a signal from the judge with the verbal command “voran/pack ihn/ go out/defend”. The dog is to engage without hesitation and must prevent the attack by means of an energetic and strong grip. The dog may only grip the protective sleeve of the helper. The handler may not move from his/her position. On a signal from the judge, the helper stops the attack. After the helper has stopped the attack and is standing still, the dog must release immediately. The handler may give a verbal command “aus/out” on his/her own at the appropriate time.

      If the dog does not release after having received the first permissible command, the handler may give up to two additional commands upon receiving a signal from the judge. If the dog does not release after having received these commands (one permissible and two additional commands), the team is to be disqualified. The handler must stand still without influencing the dog in any form, while giving the verbal command “aus/out”. After the dog releases, the dog must stay close to the helper and guard him attentively. Upon a signal from the judge the handler walks directly to his/her dog at a normal pace and, with the verbal command “fuß/heel”, puts the dog in a basic position. The soft-stick is taken from the handler.

      This is followed by a side-transport of the helper to the judge over a distance of about 20 paces. A verbal command “fuß/heel” is allowed. The dog must walk on the helper’s right side, so that the dog is in between the handler and the helper. The dog must watch the helper closely during the transport. The dog may neither bother, nor jump on nor grip the helper. The group stops in front of the judge. The handler presents the soft-stick to the judge and reports out. Prior to the critique and on the instruction of the judge, the dog is put on a leash.

    3. Evaluation: Limitations concerning important evaluation criteria are to be deducted accordingly: Energetic defence with a powerful engagement, a full and calm grip until the release, attentive and close guarding of the helper.

      If the dog is slightly inattentive and/or bothers the helper slightly during the guarding phase, the exercise will be marked down by one grade. If the dog is guarding the helper very inattentively and/or is bothering the helper very much, the exercise is marked down by two grades. If the dog is not guarding the helper but stays with him, the exercise is marked down by three grades. If the dog comes towards the handler when he/she approaches, the exercise is rated “insufficient”. If the dog leaves the helper before the judge gives the signal to step-up or the handler gives a command for the dog to stay on the helper, the protection phase is to be terminated.

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