» Accidental Bites & Poor Handling in K-9 Training
Accidental Bites & Poor Handling in K-9 Training
Accidental Bites & Poor Handling in K-9 Training
by Ed Frawley
If you would like to learn more about handling
dogs in bite work, refer to our videos titled:
Training Police Service Dogs
The First Steps of Bite Training
I put myself through college teaching skydiving and
bartending; at the time it was a real ego trip. My friends and I were
known as "those crazy fools who drink all night and jump out of airplanes
every Saturday and Sunday." It was a great way to meet women. We
lived for the reputation until one Saturday when Bob Jessas' chute didn't
open; he panicked and didn't pull his reserve chute. He was a Vietnam
vet with two bronze stars, he wasn't supposed to panic. His death changed
us all, and from that point on, we took a different attitude about our
The first time you witness a serious accidental bite,
you will change your attitude about your training sessions with your Police
There are only three reasons for an accidental bite:
- Equipment failure
- Helper error
- Poor handling
- I will address poor handling in this article and
discuss helper error in future articles.
Good handling becomes a very important concern when
you start to train body bites. The risks to your helper are increased
Good handling is as much of an art as doing good helper
work. The sad thing is that most trainers don't give it enough thought
until they see how much damage can be done in that split second when something
To begin with, the handler and helper must have excellent
communication. This should go as far as having prearranged hand signals
for reattacks and stand stills, outs and REAL BITES. (How many have that
But before this, the handler must learn proper leash
handling during body bites and the proper procedure for off leash pick
ups, while the dog is still on the helper.
The first thing every handler must learn during bite
work is to plant his feet and DON'T MOVE, unless the helper knows he is
going to. The helper must know where the end of the leash is, where his
safety zone begins - if the handler lets his dog pull him toward the helper
- the communication is lost and we have a potentially dangerous situation.
We see this too often with new handlers.
Its not a bad idea to put every new trainer in a suit
and make him walk the circle around a very tough dog - being new to the
sport - they will quickly begin to pray the handler doesn't move and let
the dog bite them.
With Body Bites, the next step the handler must learn
is to hold the leash so that he can control his dog. This means two hands
on the leash - one near the collar and one on the end of the line.
When working close to the helper - the handler locks
the elbow on the hand near the collar and holds the dog down. This prevents
the dog from bouncing high and into the helpers face. With this control,
the handler can work with the helper and target the dog to the part of
the body they wish.
When doing on leash bite work and taking your dog off
the helper at the end of the bite - always grab the line very close to
the collar before the dog releases the bite - you then have control so
the helper can step away from the dog and not worry about an after bite.
Accidental bites happen when the dog is biting the upper
body and the handler calls him off while only holding the end of the leash.
If there is slack in the line, the dog can take a leg bite or worse a
The next area of real importance is proper procedure
in picking the dog up after off leash bite work. This is done one way
when the helper is standing and another way when the helper is on the
With the helper standing, and the dog still on a bite,
I like to approach so the dog can see me. I give encouragement and tell
him he is doing a good job.
This does two things: it gives him confidence and puts
his mind back on the helper. I take the leash short (by the collar), move
behind the dog, constantly giving praise and repeating the bite command
(Good Packen - Good Packen). I want him to feel comfortable with me being
close to his work. If my talking distracts him, I will be quiet and just
pat his side.
When you take him off the bite, you still have him short
with no slack in the line and the helper can then step away from the dog.
You never call the dog off when the helper is between
you and the dog - you have lost your control at that point.
The last area I will discuss is off leash pickups with
the helper on the ground. The job of the HANDLER in this case - is to
protect the helpers face before he takes the dog off.
The problem is this, when the HANDLER approaches from
the rear - most dogs will climb up on top of the helper because they don't
want to be taken off. This action pushes the dog into the helpers face.
The solution is for the HANDLER to go around the helper
and approach the dog from the front.
The HANDLER kneels down, on top of the helper placing
his leg between the head of the dog and the face of the helper (see the
photo). He takes his dog very short at the collar and makes sure he has
control of the dog before it comes off.
An accidental bite here could be very serious.
Now lets have a Quick Review of safe Handler procedures
for body bite work:
- STEP 1 - Plant your feet and don't let the dog pull
you to the helper.
- STEP 2 - Always use 2 hands on the leash, one at
the end and the other close to the dog - holding him down and stopping
him from going into the helpers face.
- STEP 3 - When taking the dog off the helper always
grab the dog short and prevent after bites.
- STEP 4 - in off leash work with the helper standing
- approach so the dog can see you, make him feel comfortable and don't
take him off the helper until after you have control.
- STEP 5 - on off leash bites with the helper on the
ground, approach from the front and put yourself between the helpers
face and the dog. Make sure the dog is secure before taking him off
This new interest we are seeing all across America
in Police K-9's is going to increase accidental bites in training. Proper
Handling will reduce your odds of having one.
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